Theory and Treatment of Your Personality:
a manual for change
by Garry A. Flint, Ph.D.
Table of Contents
1 (191KB PDF download)
2 (316KB PDF download)
3 (992KB PDF download)
through Chapter 3 (1.6KB PDF)
Part I – For the Self-help Reader
Chapter 1. The
Discovery of the Process Healing Method
Chapter 2. An Introduction
to the Process Healing Method
Chapter 3. Teaching
the Process Healing Method
Chapter 4. General
Information and Basic Treatment
Chapter 5. How
the Memory and the Brain Work
Chapter 6. Problem-solving
Chapter 7. Interventions
Chapter 8. Memory
Part II – For the Therapist
Chapter 9. Treating
Chapter 10. Treating
the Symptoms of Complex Issues
I. Patient and
Therapist Treatment Aids
II. The Personality
and Parts Phenomena
III. Glossary –
IV. Glossary of
V. Emotional Freedom
Techniques – a useful resource
VI. Tapas Acupressure
Technique for Obsessions
About the Author
Joaquin Andrade, M.D.
reason of being and purpose of a clinician is to reduce human suffering
and, in that ongoing battle, to look continually for innovative tools
and new tactics. All dogmas, theories, schools, styles, lines of thought,
beliefs, systems and their assumptions collapse in the face of an
alternative intervention when the patient relaxes and says with a
smile, “I feel much better! I can do things now that I couldn't´t
none of the available therapeutic tools is perfect, the clinician
is a perpetual seeker. Attention must be divided between the practice
of healing and the non-stop search for tools that may have the possibility
of producing results which were not possible before. The clinician
wants tools that work faster, simpler, and are longer lasting, less
complicated, and free of side effects.
was the sense of mission that led me, as a young doctor, some thirty
plus years ago, to take my first trip to China. I studied acupuncture
at its original and most genuine source. Since that time, Traditional
Chinese Medicine has been one of the tools that has helped my colleagues
and me to achieve some of the goals mentioned above.
my extended career, I was never satisfied with the results I was getting
in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The usual combination of drugs
that are often prescribed with Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) was
not as effective for my patients as it was claimed to be in the literature.
Most notably, it didn't’t produce the results we sought when
treating panic disorders, agoraphobia's, performance anxieties, and
other phobias. Treatment with CBT required many sessions, and often
psychoactive drugs had to be taken constantly to avoid relapses.
in 1989, a dear colleague whose sister-in-law had been recently treated
for her phobia with what was then called ”Callahan Techniques,”
was very impressed by the results. He said few treatments were necessary
and the results were quick and complete.
was then that he taught me his version of a phobia tapping protocol.
At the time, we mistakenly assumed that the phobia protocol was the
complete system! I started using the protocol on patients with a range
of disorders: phobic's, panic disorders, Generalized Anxiety Disorder,
test anxieties, and so forth. The results were overwhelming! We were
so impressed with getting fast treatment responses that we decided
to study, learn, and verify the treatment in depth with all our medical
fourteen years, with slightly fewer than 50,000 patients, we conducted
clinical trials in several centers in two countries. We had a distinguished
team of MD's, clinical psychologists, neuroscientists, RN's, and professional
researchers. We wanted to measure, within the boundaries of our clinical
practice, the efficacy of those brief techniques which required activating
traumatic memories while at the same time causing simultaneous multisensory
overload of subcortical structures.
work resulted in what has been called the first large-scale clinical
trials that compared the new Brief MultiSensory Activation techniques
(BMSA) to the conventional “CBT with drugs.” For reasons
that we elaborate in our book on BMSA (Andrade, Aalberse, Sutherland
& Ruden, 2006), we prefer to describe this work as BMSA rather
than “tapping” or “energy psychology.”
good friend, David Feinstein, Ph.D., former researcher on psychotherapeutic
innovations at the Department of Psychiatry of the Johns Hopkins University
Medical School, author of the Energy Psychology Interactive CD (Feinstein,
2004), which was favorably reviewed recently by the American
Psychological Association, has co-authored the resulting report
of these trials, comparing BMSA and CBT with medication (Andrade &
Feinstein, 2003). The findings show that BMSA works better in fewer
sessions and lasts longer than other types of therapy.
as good as those techniques were, we still had our share of failures,
even though our techniques dramatically improved the percentage of
positive clinical outcomes. Dissociation, in particular, Dissociative
Identity Disorder (DID), was one of the disorders that we found difficult
to treat with tapping alone.
one day while searching an internet list for persons who treated by
tapping, we read a post from Dr Flint about dissociation. He mentioned
The Process Healing Method (PH). I was curious and went to his web
site, downloaded his instructions and immediately began to apply a
basic version of Process Healing in our clinical work.
just a few weeks, after having treated about three dozen patients,
we found Process Healing extremely effective. We began applying it
on patients for whom BMSA had failed. To our delight, a huge percentage
of those resistant patients started to show results. So, following
a previous pattern which had been used successfully for other disciplines,
we decided that PH could be similarly tested on a larger patient population.
the moment of this writing, I have applied Process Healing to 600
patients. I am amazed at this incredible tool. I wrote to Dr Flint,
telling him that I thought he had discovered something very powerful
and that its full potential was still to be developed.
in mind that I learned Process Healing by reading Dr Flint’s
instructions and that I practice what could be considered a beginner’s
version of Process Healing. However, the results I am getting with
PH on all kinds of PTSD, DID, anxiety disorders and every sort of
somatization resistant to BMSA are very impressive! To our astonishment,
even some kinds of purely physical disorders and complaints respond
to Process Healing far better than can be expected from other therapies.
If we are able to get such excellent results after studying only basic
written instructions, just imagine what the reader of this complete
text can expect!
taught my simple version of Process Healing to about a dozen certified
therapists in our group. We are all getting similar results. Namely,
Process Healing yields positive clinical responses with 60% of the
cases that failed to respond to every other therapy available to us!
present strategy is to continue using BMSA techniques with simple
cases, and to apply Process Healing to BMSA-resistant patients. At
the same time, we are beginning to explore Process Healing in other
pathologies such as somatizations, headaches, sexual disorders, other
primarily somatic disorders, and so forth.
a theoretical point of view, the learning model that Dr Flint uses
to explain the Process Healing mechanism makes much sense to me. The
process by which parts are invited to join the ”Treatment Team”
is full of analogies to the teaching process in which parts of the
personality with self-limiting information are offered self-empowering
information. No doubt all parts change during the process, and a new
and healthier context results.
This text is the founder’s handbook of The Process Healing Method.
The book is by no means exhaustive and my guess is that future books
will complete and expand it. Dr Flint has so much to teach that it
is impossible to reduce it to a single book
on my experience with Process Healing, I suggest the reader digest
this book with curiosity and immediately begin to practice and apply
PH with a passion. As my own experience and that of my colleagues
has documented, PH produces extraordinary results which are impossible
to achieve by any other means of psychotherapeutic treatment. I invite
the reader to thoroughly investigate this most fascinating therapeutic
technique in the pages ahead.
book is intended as a guide for individuals who want to make changes
in their personalities and for professionals who may want to use it
in their practice. The purpose of this book is to provide you, the
reader, with the understanding I have gained by developing, refining,
and working with this treatment method over the past 12 years. Reports
from Internet users, colleagues who are using it, and my own experience
confirm the Process Healing Method as a respectful, effective, and
safe way to treat self-destructive behaviors, beliefs, painful emotions
book is both a step-by-step tutorial for how to use the Process Healing
Method and a presentation of the theory behind the method. The first
three chapters have been available on the Internet since 1998 and
have been downloaded or read by several thousand people. These chapters
describe the Process Healing Method in enough detail so that many
readers have experienced the intervention just by reading the chapters.
Many have gained a deeper understanding of themselves and realized
positive changes in their lives by using this method.
this book, the aim is to provide you with enough information, in a
“tutorial” style, to guide you in the process of speaking
and responding to any barrier blocking treatment. This is an effort
to make the book as easy to use as possible for both the nonprofessional
and for the mental health professional willing to explore a new treatment
approach. This approach is a useful adjunct not only in the mental
health profession, but in the medical profession as well.
of the constructs in the theory are different from those in common
use. It may be helpful to the mental health professional if I point
out some of the underlying assumptions of this model of personality
development and treatment.
The subconscious is a language process independent of conscious and
unconscious activity and of all memories. It has capacities far beyond
our expectations, such as being able to work independently of our
personality to treat negative beliefs, memories and experiences. The
subconscious will understand and learn as you read the book.
The conscious and unconscious constructs represent active memories
and related neural activity. Memories are either dormant or active
in the conscious or unconscious Active Experience. Dormant memories
do not take part in creating behavior. Only memories in the conscious
and unconscious Active Experience take part in creating behavior.
Memories are not stored in the unconscious or subconscious.
Internal and external stimulation (including our behavior) triggers
relevant dormant memories into Active Experience while other no longer
relevant active memories become and remain dormant.
Dissociation is a natural process and is present in our everyday behavior
in addition to helping us deal with traumatic or painful experiences.
I further assume that amnesia caused by the dissociation process,
namely dissociative parts and memories, is different from the amnesia
caused by severe, novel trauma, which causes amnesic parts and memories.
While any individual may have both amnesic and dissociative parts,
two different processes cause them. Amnesic parts and memories naturally
include dissociative parts and memories when adaptive.
Internal and external stimulation and active memories determine everyone’s
behavior. There are two kinds of memories: Content Memories, which
involve sensory experiences, and Emotion Memories. There are three
state-dependent content-memory structures that contribute to running
Memories have unique structures that associate with a collage of previously
learned memories and emotions to create our behavior. The most helpful
or fitting active content and Emotion Memories assemble in a collage
that associates with a unique memory structure. This memory structure
represents our reaction to the current experience, i.e. it causes
our current behavior. Memories are recycled repeatedly in different
combinations to create new memories for new behaviors.
All brain and body activity is run and managed by memories. This means
that it is possible to change memories in order to treat learned mental
and physical issues.
use many constructs in this model of the personality. The constructs,
of course, are not real. They are metaphors for what is “real”
in our minds and bodies. However, once the constructs and theory are
absorbed, they provide a language with which to communicate with the
subconscious in such a way as to cause change in a problematic issue.
You may find the theory complex until you learn and become familiar
with the concepts and the entire model. However, it is not necessary
to understand the theory in order to begin your treatment process.
The theory comes in handy for treating more complex structures. However,
by communicating with the subconscious, you can simply work with it
to identify the next appropriate intervention and the solutions to
barriers. The more you use the Process Healing Method, the more skillful
you will become and the more you will trust the model to simplify
and treat complex problems or issues.
constructs or metaphors used are powerful tools for communication.
They effectively guide the subconscious to make changes in memory,
i.e. to remove negative emotions from memories, which, in turn, will
cause changes in behavior. For many mental health professionals the
constructs and terms used in this book are outside the box of common
definitions. Therefore I have included both an alphabetical glossary
(see Appendix III) and a glossary of concepts (see Appendix IV) to
help you organize and understand the definitions and constructs as
useful tools. I encourage the you to refer to the glossary whenever
confusion arises with the concepts of Process Healing.
memory structure is a key construct in this model. All memories have
a unique memory structure and a collage of memories that associate
with, or to, the memory structure. After using Process Healing for
several years, I discovered that memory structures could form complex
structures that could stop the treatment process. I had to treat these
complex structures differently than the basic structures in order
to successfully resolve an issue. The basic memory structure is a
building block that explains most problematic memories that form under
conditions ranging from mild to severe traumatic experiences such
as systematic torture.
using Process Healing for several years, I faced a barrier of even
greater complexity. This was one that I could not treat with the subconscious
and the usual treatment method. Now when I have identified this new
barrier in a patient, it is usually easy to treat. I call these barriers
“fields,” which I talk about briefly in chapter 6. Flint
(n.a.) presents a more detailed presentation of the theory and treatment
the you run into a barrier to treatment not addressed in this book,
it is time to problem-solve. I give many examples of problem-solving
throughout the book. But remember, the power of the treatment process
is in the metaphor or construct used, so feel free to create as many
metaphors or constructs as you need to be successful. I have often
found that even if you suggest an inaccurate metaphor, the subconscious
may use it correctly to resolve the barrier. The point is, don¹t
be afraid to be creative with metaphors. The worst that can happen
is that it will not work. When it doesn’t, just reassemble the
constructs and create a new metaphor. Keep trying until you get the
result you are looking for.
definitions presented here of the conscious, unconscious, subconscious
and dormant memories, may also be new to the mental health professional.
Rather than lump dormant memories in the unconscious or subconscious,
I separate them. I consider the unconscious an active process because
it influences our behavior, and the conscious mind is obviously an
active process. Only active memories in the conscious and unconscious
experience, not the dormant memories, are used to create our behavior.
I call the active memories and associated neural activity in the conscious
and unconscious the Active Experience.
memories are not active, and therefore not available for creating
behavior. However, dormant memories may become active when triggered
into the Active Experience. What separates the active conscious experience
from active unconscious experience?
since dissociation is a process that is generally believed to be used
to hide memories, I decided a dissociation process would be an excellent
adaptive process that would serve to move active conscious experience
into active unconscious experience. Hypnotic suggestions, deliberate
repression, and skills such as composing speech, are examples of the
use of dissociation to move a conscious active memory to an unconscious
this model, the problematic memories and behavior take place as active
memories in the conscious and unconscious experience. Consistent with
other models, I use the subconscious as an inner-self helper and have
discovered that it has an enormous capacity to make changes in memories
and behavior. Almost all of my patients have easily accepted this
model using conscious, unconscious, subconscious and dormant memories
as the basic constructs in the model.
Healing is an effective treatment method that people without training
can use to treat many issues. Many people have had success working
on their own without professional help. I recommend that lay people
using the Process Healing Method have a therapist with whom they can
consult. Anyone with a history of mental illness or severe symptoms
should be in therapy before using the Process Healing Method. Lay
persons should not try to use it with anyone who has a history of
mental illness, who are taking medication, or who have diagnosed mental
issues. The more professional training and experience that a therapist
or lay person has, the more the Process Healing Method will be useful
to treat complex personality and mental health problems.
book is written to free you to be creative when using the constructs
to solve a barrier that stops treatment. I have tried to teach the
Process Healing Method by showing the way I use it in my successes
and in some of my failures. With practice, you may become skillful
in using the Process Healing Method to quickly eliminate and gain
freedom from problematic issues. Without further introduction, I leave
you, the reader, to explore the Process Healing Method and to determine
its usefulness in the treatment of your own painful memories, beliefs,